Скачать rawtherapee для windows 7 русская версия

2 Экспозиция и Цвет

  • Инструмент Автоуровни корректирует вашу фотографию и даёт хороший старт,
  • Несколько мощных методов спасения деталей и реконструкции пересветов и недосветов,
  • фильтр для регулировки виньетирования после обрезки фотографии,
  • Ступенчатый фильтр (GND),
  • Инструмент «Пипетка», активированный на конкретной кривой, позволяет вам выбрать точку на изображении и затем устанавливает точку с соответствующим смещением на этой кривой,
  • Две тональные кривые RGB, каждая с четырьмя способами регулирования, для уникальной точности управления цветом и экспозицией,
  • Настройка кривых Цвета, Насыщенности и Значения (HSV) и Красного, Зеленого и Синего (RGB),
  • Множество настроек Lab для отдельного управления цветом и светлотой (яркостью):
    • Кривая L* для управления яркостью,
    • Кривая a* для управления цветом в координатной плоскости красный/пурпурный и зеленый,
    • Кривая b* для управления цветом в координатной плоскости желтый и голубой,
    • Кривая LH для коррекции светлоты (яркости) как функции цвета,
    • Кривая CH для коррекции цветности (хроматичности) как функции цвета,
    • Кривая HH для коррекции цвета как функции цвета,
    • Кривая CC для коррекции цветности (хроматичности) как функции цветности (хроматичности),
    • Кривая LH для коррекции светлоты (яркости) как функции цветности (хроматичности),
    • Кривая CL для коррекции цветности (хроматичности) как функции светлоты (яркости).
  • Управление цветовой насыщенностью (vibrance),
  • Сохранение естественных тонов кожи,
  • Микшер каналов,
  • Преобразование в чёрно-белый,
  • Несколько способов цветового тонирования,
  • Поддержка чёрно-белых режимов для камер
  • Управление цветом.

News Relevant to Package Maintainers

  • Build RawTherapee 5.0 using these tarballs:
    rawtherapee.com/shared/source/
  • Nightly builds from git may compile but not run well, we’re working
    on it, see issue
    ##3628.
  • Branch “master” uses GTK2, branch “gtk3” requires GTK+ >=3.16.
    There are known bugs using GTK+ versions 3.20-3.22 where scrollbars
    may appear stuck (issue
    #3545), and
    where the Retinex tool’s “Gain and Offset” panel may appear under
    the “Transmission” panel until the user hovers the mouse cursor over
    a curve button (issue
    #3525). For
    this reason we recommend using GTK+ 3.16-3.18 if possible.
  • RawTherapee 5 requires GCC-4.9 or higher, or Clang.
  • Do not use
  • Use
  • For stable builds (RT5) use
  • For development builds use
  • Windows builders should compile on a drive letter which users are
    most unlikely to have, such as Y:, due to the “There is no disk in
    the drive” error (issue
    ).

1 Save Immediately

In the Editor tab, if you click on the little hard disk icon at the bottom-left of the preview image, or hit the ^ Ctrl + s shortcut, you can «Save immediately«. This works as a standard «Save As» dialog. You can select the name and location for the output file (RawTherapee will automatically add the extension based on the chosen format), choose the output file format and bit depth, set the compression level, choose whether you want the processing profile saved alongside the output image, etc. The last option lets you choose whether you want to «Save immediately» or «Put to the head/tail of the processing queue«. If you choose to «Save immediately«, RawTherapee will be busy saving your photo as soon as you click «OK«, so it will be less responsive to any adjustments you might try doing while it’s busy saving, and it will also take longer to open other images as long as it’s busy saving this one. For this reason it is recommended that you use the queue if you want to tweak other photos right away.

The Save window will by default open the location you saved to the last time you used this window. For your convenience, a shortcut to the folder containing the source image is automatically added to the bookmarks panel on the left side of the Save window. If you want to save the image to the source folder, clicking on this bookmark will save you having to manually click through to navigate to that location.

A shortcut for the OK button is ^ Ctrl + ⌅ Enter.

6 Color Management Tab

Use the «Directory containing color profiles» button to point RawTherapee to the folder which contains color profiles.

Standard locations where color profiles are stored:

Windows
Linux
macOS

6.1 Monitor

Set the «Default color profile» to the ICC file you generated when calibrating and profiling your monitor. You can have RawTherapee try to auto-detect the profile by using the «Use operating system’s main monitor color profile» option.

  • In Windows, right-click an ICC (or ICM, they’re identical) file and select «Install profile» in the context menu, or search for «colour management» in the Start menu.

Rendering intents and black point compensation are explained below.

The monitor profile must be of the «device» class in the RGB colorspace.

6.2 Printer (Soft-Proofing)

You can select here the color profile of your own printer or your print service in order to simulate the rendering of the printed image.

The printer profile must be of the «output» class in either the RGB or CMYK colorspaces.

See below for Black Point Compensation.

6.3 Rendering Intents

Relative Colorimetric
Colors from the source which lie outside the gamut of the destination color space will be shown using the nearest in-gamut color without affecting other in-gamut colors. The white point will be corrected. This is the default option and works with all profiles.
Perceptual
Colors from the source which lies outside the gamut of the destination color space will be compressed into the destination’s gamut at the expense of also affecting in-gamut colors. How the compression is performed is up to the gamut mapping contained within the color profile — it usually involves desaturation, and sometimes even hue shifts. The perceptual intent only works with LUT profiles which contain the required gamut mapping tables — most ICC profiles do not, and in those cases «relative colorimetric» will be silently used instead (this is standard behavior across most software).
Absolute Colorimetric
Similar to relative colorimetric, but the white point will not be corrected. For this reason, it is used when you want to match paper whiteness to screen. You might want to use it when proofing, but not otherwise.

6.4 Black Point Compensation

When enabled, the Black Point level of the input image is moved to the Black Point level of the output image in a color transformation (e.g. from working profile to display profile). It means that the luminance channel alone is compressed or expanded to match the output capabilities. This feature will keep details in the shadows (avoid flat dark areas) at the expense of less color correctness.

7 Monitor Profile and Soft-Proofing

Go to Preferences > and point the «Directory containing color profiles» to the folder into which you saved your monitor and printer ICC profile. Restart RawTherapee for the changes to take effect. Now you will be able to select your monitor’s color profile in the combo-box under the preview. Use the «Relative Colorimetric» rendering intent unless you have a good reason otherwise.

One can also enable soft-proofing of the preview. This will show you what your image will look like once it gets transformed by the printer profile set in Preferences > . If you want to adjust an image for printing and you have an ICC profile for your printer-paper combination you could set that as your output profile, enable «Black point compensation» in Preferences so that the blackest black in your image will match the blackest black your printer-paper combination is capable of reproducing, then enable soft-proofing. You will see what your image will look like if you print it. This allows you to make adjustments and get an instant preview of the result, saving you time and ink on test prints.

The icon with exclamation mark next to the soft-proofing button will gray out areas that cannot be reproduced by your printer, i.e. areas where you will loose details.

You should have a calibrated and profiled monitor in order for the soft-proofing preview to be accurate.

The items you see in the monitor profile combo-box (under the main preview) and in the printer profile combobox (in Preferences > ) are ICC files located in a folder which you can point RawTherapee to by going to «Preferences > > Directory containing color profiles».

1 Характеристики

  • Все стандартные возможности, которые вы ожидаете от обычного редактора RAW и даже больше,
  • Очередь обработки — для того, чтобы обработку фотографий можно было делать как можно быстрее, а тяжёлую работу процессора отложить на потом,
  • Поддержка чтения и тональной компрессии 16-битных, 24-битных и 32-битных изображений HDR с плавающей точкой в формате DNG,
  • Файловый браузер с возможностью маркирования цветом, поиском (совпадение искомого текста с именем файла), фильтрацией по метаданным (тип файла, модель камеры, модель объектива, параметры фото),
  • Панель истории позволяет видеть все сделанные вами изменения и легко переходить к любому из них,
  • Панель снимков для работы с несколькими вариантами цепочек изменений фотографии,
  • Настраиваемый интерфейс, в котором размер панелей и отдельных элементов можно менять или вовсе их прятать,
  • Увеличенная скорость перемещения видимой области позволяет с легкостью просматривать фотографии большого размера (гораздо больше, чем ваш экран) без множества дополнительных движений мышью,
  • Пролистывайте панели инструментов с помощью колеса мыши и не бойтесь случайно сдвинуть ползунок какого-либо инструмента, или нажмите Shift и скорректируйте положение ползунка, над которым в данный момент находится курсор,
  • Увеличивайте свободную площадь экрана, кликая правой кнопкой мыши на инструменте, чтобы оставить видимым только его и автоматически скрыть все остальные,
  • Режим отображения Было/Стало, позволяющий сравнить последнее изменение с любыми другими до него,
  • Различные каналы в предварительном просмотре: красный, зеленый, синий, светлота (яркость) и маска,
  • Панель экспорта с быстрыми вариантами экспорта,
  • Клавиатурные комбинации для ускорения работы,
  • Поддержка командной строки, чтобы автоматизировать RawTherapee с помощью сценариев или для запуска её из других программ,
  • Поддержка большинства камер,
  • Добавление поддержки новых форматов raw путём простого редактирования файла camconst.json в текстовом редакторе,
  • Звуковой сигнал, который сообщает о завершении задачи, интенсивно использующей процессор, например, когда завершается обработка очереди фотографий,
  • Вы можете использовать в RawTherapee цветовую схемы и виджеты интерфейса системы или попробовать другие цветовые схемы, идущие в комплекте с программой,
  • Интерфейс переведён почти на 30 языков.

5 Editor Tab Modes

RawTherapee allows you to work on photos in two modes:

  • Single Editor Tab Mode (SETM), where you work only on one photo at a time, and each photo is opened in the same Editor tab. There is a horizontal panel called the at the top of the tab showing the rest of the photos in that folder for easy access. There are Previous Image and Next Image buttons in the bottom toolbar (and keyboard shortcuts for them) to switch to the previous/next image.
  • Multiple Editor Tabs Mode (METM), where each photo is opened in its own tab. The is hidden in this mode and there are no previous/next buttons. Having multiple photos opened at the same time requires more RAM.

Try both modes and see which one suits you best. To do that, click on the Preferences icon in the bottom-left or top-right corner of the RT window, choose «General > Layout» and set Editor Layout to your preferred choice.

Use this Preferences window to select a different language for the user interface, to choose a different color theme, change the font size, etc.

9 Sounds Tab

The «Sounds» tab lets you set an audible notification when a lengthy operation ends. It is currently only supported on Windows and Linux.

The «Queue processing done» sound is played after the last Queue image finishes processing.
The «Editor processing done» sound is played after a lengthy in-editor operation that took longer than the specified number of seconds is complete.

Sounds can be muted either by disabling the «Enabled» checkbox or by setting fields with sound file references to blank values.

The «Queue» and «Editor processing done» text boxes can either point to wave (.wav) files, or can specify one of the following values:

Windows
  • SystemAsterisk
  • SystemDefault
  • SystemExclamation
  • SystemExit
  • SystemHand
  • SystemQuestion
  • SystemStart
  • SystemWelcome
Linux
  • bell
  • camera-shutter
  • complete
  • dialog-warning
  • dialog-information
  • message
  • service-login
  • service-logout
  • suspend-error
  • trash-empty
  • possibly the name of any file in without the path or extension.

RawTherapee relies on libcanberra to produce sounds. In case of issues in Linux, you can trigger a sound to play from a terminal by invoking the following command (replace «bell» with any of the above):

canberra-gtk-play -i bell

3 Image Processing Tab

3.1 Default Processing Profile

Specify which profile RawTherapee is to use when opening a raw or non-raw photo.

  • The default processing profile for raw photos as of RawTherapee 5.4 is «Auto-Matched Curve — ISO Low».
  • The default processing profile for non-raw photos (such as JPEG, TIFF or PNG) is «Neutral». The «Neutral» profile just loads the photo as it is, without applying any changes.

To have processing profiles you have made yourself appear in the list, save them to the «profiles» sub-folder within the «config» folder. You can find out where it is on the page.

The special entry «Dynamic» activates the support for Dynamic Processing Profiles.

When you right-click on a thumbnail and select «Processing profile operations > Reset to default» RawTherapee will apply whichever processing profile is selected as default for that image type. If the default is set to «Dynamic», then RawTherapee will run through the dynamic profile rules to generate a profile dynamically.

3.2 Custom Processing Profile Builder

Executable (or script) file called when a new initial processing profile should be generated for an image. The path of the communication file (*.ini style, a.k.a. «Keyfile») is added as a command line parameter. It contains various parameters required for the executable or script to allow a rules-based processing profile generation.

This feature is very powerful; for example it allows you to set lens correction parameters or noise reduction based on image properties. It is called just once on the first edit of the picture, or called manually from the context menu when right-clicking on a thumbnail in the File Browser or

Note: You are responsible for using double quotes where necessary if you’re using paths containing spaces.

3.3 Processing Profile Handling

  • Processing profile saving location
    Choose whether you want RawTherapee to store the processing profiles next to the input file (the default behavior), to a , or both.
    It is a good idea to save the processing profiles next to the input files, as that lets you easily backup and handle your photos and their associated processing profiles.
  • Processing profile loading location
    RawTherapee will look for processing profiles alongside the images, and in the central cache. If a profile exists in both places and they are not identical, this setting allows you to choose which one should have the deciding say.

3.5 Crop Editing

This section lets you decide which guides are shown when the crop is _not_ being manipulated. «Original» means the guide type currently selected, so for example if you would like to see the «Rule of Thirds» guide while dragging a crop, and to have the guide automatically disappear once you are done dragging the crop, then set this option to «Frame» or «None».

Once a crop is in place, RawTherapee can automatically zoom the cropped area to fit the screen if you enable this option.

8 Performance Tab

The «Performance» tab is only for people who know what they’re doing. It lets you poke under the hood and tweak some parameters depend on available RAM and CPU speed.

8.1 Preview Demosaicing Method

The «Demosaicing method used for the preview at <100% zoom» option sets which demosaicing method is used for the main preview in the Editor. By default, the same demosaicing method is used as specified in the Demosaicing section of the Raw tab, but if you are on a a very slow computer you can save a few hundred milliseconds by using the «Fast» demosaicing method. The trade-off is that the «Fast» method has the worst quality, though in most cases the difference is slight.

8.2 TIFF Read Settings

«Serialize read of TIFF files», enabled by default, can speed up thumbnail generation when opening for the first time a folder full of uncompressed TIFF files.

8.3 HaldCLUT Cache

The «Maximum number of cached CLUTs» setting lets you specify how many last-used HaldCLUT (Film Simulation) images are stored in RAM for faster access when switching back and forth between them in the Editor.

8.4 Inspect

Most raw files contain an embedded JPEG preview image. To show that image in the tab it needs to be extracted, which takes a fraction of a second. The «Maximum number of cached images» setting lets you specify how many of the last-viewed embedded images are kept in RAM, so that if you view the previous image in the Inspect tab, RawTherapee will not need to re-extract it, but just access it from RAM.

The «Image to show» option lets you decide whether to use the embedded JPEG image or to render one based on the real raw data using the «Neutral» processing profile. Using the embedded image is faster than rendering from the real raw data.

8.5 Threads

Most modern CPUs run two threads per physical core. Find out what CPU you have and how many cores it has, multiply that number by two, and you get the maximum number of threads it would make sense to run simultaneously. Let’s call this number Tmax. You would not benefit from running more threads than this — in fact you would likely suffer a small speed penalty.

Setting this parameter to «0» will let your CPU figure out what Tmax is, and use that. If you experience crashes due to insufficient RAM, then you can calculate Tmax yourself and use a number lower than that.

Description

RawTherapee is an incredibly powerful program that converts/develops raw files. Its installation is extremely easy. The true challenge lies in the mastering of RawTherapee’s numerous in-depth features.

This open-source software has everything one could need to process raw files in the manner he sees fit. RawTherapee certainly takes some time to learn yet most users won’t mind experimenting with the software. Don’t believe the hype when you read or hear that RawTherapee takes six months or longer to get the hang of. Anyone with decent computer skills will find the software to be fairly intuitive. If you want to speed up the process of getting used with RawTherapee, take a quick look over the Getting Started section.

Note 1: RawTherapee is aimed at raw photo development and not digital asset management, you can read more about it here.

Note 2: We list the latest RawTherapee versions which are appropriate for everyday use and latest Microsoft Windows OS and macOS versions. If you need an older version or wish to use an older 32-bit version, check the official download page of this program here. For Linux versions please visit the same page, select «All Linux Builds» from the menu and choose the Linux build you need.

Trademark Note 1: Microsoft, Windows and other product names are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.

Trademark Note 2: macOS is a trademark of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.

3 Output Profile

Specify the output color profile; the saved image will be transformed into this color space and the profile will be embedded in the metadata. The effects the output profile has on the image cannot be seen in the preview.

RawTherapee lets you specify «input» (e.g. you’re camera’s profile), «display» and «output» (i.e. printer) device class profiles with an RGB color space, because RawTherapee saves only RGB images. Profiles listed in this combobox are those which come bundled with RawTherapee and those located in the folder set in Preferences > .

The soft-proofing feature is dedicated to simulating printer rendering. It lets you preview what your image will look like when printed, assuming you use a printer profile which correctly simulates your printer and paper combination. For best printout quality, after you have tweaked your photo using soft-proofing, you should select your printer profile as the output profile and save the image using it. This ensures that the image is encoded using your printer’s color space directly from RawTherapee’s internal high quality floating-point representation, instead of being saved to an 8-bit image in sRGB for example and then having to be subsequently converted to the printer profile, which would be quite lossy.

The main histogram, navigator and clipping indicators will use either the working or the output profile, depending on your setting in Preference > .

RawTherapee comes bundled with a number of custom-made high quality output profiles:

RT_sRGB
Similar to sRGB
Gamma close to sRGB: g=2.40, slope=12.92
RT_sRGB_gBT709
Similar to sRGB
Gamma BT709: g=2.22, slope=4.5
RT_sRGB_g10
Similar to sRGB
Linear gamma g=1.0, slope=0
RT_Medium_gsRGB
Similar to AdobeRGB1998
Gamma close to sRGB: g=2.40, slope=12.92
RT_Large_gsRGB
Similar to ProPhoto
Gamma close to sRGB g=2.40, slope=12.92 (close to «Melissa» used by Lightroom)
RT_Large_gBT709
Similar to ProPhoto
Gamma BT709: g=2.22, slop=4.5
RT_Large_g10
Similar to ProPhoto
Linear gamma g=1.0, slope=0
Rec2020
Wide gamut, larger than AdobeRGB but smaller than ProPhoto
Gamma BT709: g=2.22, slope=4.5

The recommended output profile when you’re saving to an 8-bit format and/or publishing to the web is RT_sRGB. If no profile is selected, none will be embedded, which means that «sRGB» is implied, though it is safer to embed RT_sRGB in terms of getting your image displayed properly in various applications.

RT_sRGB is a higher quality version of the standard sRGB profile, which surprisingly is inconsistent between implementations. RT_sRGB was custom-made for RawTherapee by Jacques Desmis and has 4096 LUT points, as opposed to the lower quality 1024 point sRGB profiles. Applications that aren’t color managed and won’t take advantage of RT_sRGB will fall back on sRGB.

Wide-gamut output profiles such as RT_Large_gsRGB are generally used if you export to a 16-bit or higher bit-depth format for further editing in another application. If you will be sending your image for printing, a wide-gamut output profile is also recommended, since some printers may have wide gamuts (at least in certain colors).

You should have a wide-gamut monitor if you want to work with wide-gamut profiles, otherwise you’re flying in the dark.

Заключение

Будучи фанатом GIMP, я надеюсь, что рано или поздно разработчики включат в него три главных элемента, отсутствие которых в середине первой четверти XXI века выводит из себя пользователя фоторедактора: цветовую модель Lab, 16-битовое цветовое пространство и корректирующие слои. Но пока это лишь фантастика, а цена на полный комплект Photoshop + Lightroom и хороший планшет для них сравнима с ценой топовой зеркальной камеры, любителю остаётся лишь извлекать лучшее из альтернативных программ проявки и обработки цифровых изображений, таких, как прекрасная RPP для Mac OS X, или рассмотренная здесь RawTherapee.

Вообще же я твёрдо уверен, что фотография как в плёночную, так и в цифровую эпоху возникает в момент нажатия на спуск затвора камеры, а вся последующая правка и ретушь есть не более чем необходимое изредка зло. Поэтому возможностей бесплатных проявщиков сейчас более чем достаточно для комфортной работы с отснятыми изображениями, а убрать пылинку с неба на пейзаже или случайный прыщик с кожи у портрета можно и в самых простых редакторах, не говоря уже о великом и могучем GIMP. Вышеописанной связки RawTherapee и GIMP мне было всегда полностью достаточно для фотографии; если же я захочу заняться живописью, к моим услугам совершенно другие инструменты, и камера фотографа здесь вообще ни при чём.

Так что, используя упомянутые в этой заметке программные продукты, фотолюбитель получает фотографии с гарантированным качеством (при условии, что он понимает, что делает, естественно). А платить или не платить при этом за дополнительные функции Photoshop — дело, понятно, личной необходимости и вкуса.

P.s. Этой статьёй я хочу начать обзор свободного ПО и плагинов к нему, надеюсь кому-то пригодится.

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