Zotero

Quick Search

Running a Quick Search

To begin searching, click inside the search box at the top-right of the center pane (or type Ctrl/Cmd-F) and start typing your search terms. As you type, only those items in the center column that match the search terms will remain.

Quick Search Options

Quick search can be used in three different modes:

  • “Title, Year, Creator” — matches against these three fields, as well as publication titles
  • “All Fields & Tags” — matches against all fields, as well as tags and text in notes
  • “Everything” — matches against all fields, tags, text in notes, and indexed text in PDFs (this requires that be enabled)

Speeding Up Quick Searches

When you have very large collections, the quick search’s “search-as-you-type” search might become slow. To speed things up, type a quotation mark “ mark at the start of your search. This prevents searches from running until you type Enter/Return or a second quotation mark.

Free and Open Source

As an open-source tool, Zotero is free in two senses of the word: you don’t need to pay to use it, and you’re free to make changes to its code to make it do what you want. The benefits of the first one are obvious, but the second is critical for a program you’re entrusting with your research data. Zotero has always guaranteed users complete access to their own data, but open source means you don’t need to take our word for it. If the organization that runs Zotero disappeared tomorrow, or if we made a decision that didn’t put users’ interests first, others would be free to take Zotero’s source code and continue to maintain and improve it.3

As part of the broader open-source community, we’re committed to supporting open software and open standards. We helped create the Citation Style Language now used in most reference software, and we’re currently contributing to the Joint Roadmap for Open Science Tools. A tool we built is used by Wikipedia editors to cite sources using Zotero’s powerful web-saving abilities. All the software we create is freely available for others to use and modify.4

Zotero

Расширение для вашего браузера

Скачать ZoteroСкачать Zotero(Google Chrome)

Zotero делает цитирование источников и организацию ваших документов проще и удобнее. Сохранить URL-адреса, конвертировать текстовые файлы, настроить форматы ссылок бесплатно всего за несколько кликов.

Собирать, организовывать и цитировать

Просто загрузите Zotero как расширение для вашего браузера и найдите кнопку копирования на панели инструментов. 

Нажмите эту кнопку и сохраните адрес веб-страницы, на которой вы сейчас находитесь, в базе данных Zotero. Затем перетащите эти сохраненные URL в ваш документ, и они станут цитируемыми. Отрегулируйте ссылку на подходящую для вашей работы. Zotero поддерживает практически все форматы цитирования, такие как Harvard, APA и MLA.

Zotero также поставляется как самостоятельное приложение. Вы можете скачать его на свой рабочий стол и работать в автономном режиме. 

Приложение имеет интеграцию с текстовым процессором для всех распространенных платформ, таких как Microsoft Word и Google Docs. Это означает, что вы можете объединять файлы из любой из этих программ, используя Zotero. Вы можете написать прямо на Zotero, если хотите, и сохранить свою работу в любом текстовом формате.

Zotero собирает и организует для вас все цитаты и публикации. Вы создаете определенную тему, и приложение автоматически создает папку для нее. Любые источники, которые вы сохраняете для этого предмета, классифицируются и помещаются в это место. Вы можете получить доступ и редактировать в любое время в вашей библиотеке Zotero.

Простой интерфейс делает Zotero совместимым с пользователями любого уровня квалификации. Вы можете попробовать другие расширенные функции, такие как улучшение BibTex и синхронизация данных.

Есть ли лучшая альтернатива?

Нет. Zotero предлагает писателям и издателям высочайший уровень организации и удобства. Подобные приложения включают Endnote, который также автоматически цитирует вас, если вы поступили в университет, который его предоставляет.

Zotero значительно снижает нагрузку на любого писателя. С помощью этого приложения вы можете перестать беспокоиться о поиске справочных инструкций.

How It Works

Retracted publications are flagged in the items list, and if you click on one you’ll see a warning at the top of the item pane with details on the retraction and links to additional information.

If you try to cite a retracted item using the word processor plugin, Zotero will warn you and confirm that you still want to cite it. If you’ve already added a citation to a document and it later is retracted, Zotero will warn you the next time you update the document’s citations, even if the item no longer exists in your Zotero library or was added by a co-author.

Currently, this feature is limited to items with a DOI or PMID (entered in the DOI field or in Extra as “DOI:”, “PMID:”, or “PubMed ID:”), which covers about 3/4 of Retraction Watch data, but we’re hoping to support items without identifiers as best as possible in a future update.

Formatting issues

Citations and bibliographies generated by the word processor plugins might appear in a different style (font, font-size, etc) than the surrounding text. The appearance of the generated text can be changed by changing the default style. For example, in LibreOffice, open the Styles Manager in Format → Styles and Formatting or by pressing F12. Right-click on “Default”, select “Modify”, and make the desired changes to this style. In Word, open the Styles Manager in Format → Styles or by clicking the “Styles Pane” or “Manage Styles” buttons on the “Home” tab of the ribbon.

Bibliography formatting is controlled by the citation style you select in Zotero document preferences and should conform to the requirements of the style in use. The formatting of the bibliography can be modified by editing the “Bibliography” (Word) or “Bibliography 1” (LibreOffice) word processor style.

Locating your Word Startup folder

Note: On non-English systems or in certain custom setups, these locations may be different.

Word 2007 or later for Windows

The default location of the Startup folder is C:\Users\::username::\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Word\Startup, where ::username:: is your computer username. The AppData folder may be hidden on your system, but you can get there by opening the Windows File Explorer, typing in the address bar, and pressing Enter, which will take you into the Roaming directory. From there you can navigate to Microsoft\Word\Startup.

If changes you make to the Startup folder aren’t taking effect, you can confirm that Word isn’t set to a different location. In the Word ribbon, click the File tab, click Options, and click Advanced. Under General, click File Locations. The Startup folder should be listed there. Select it and click Modify. In the window that opens, place the cursor in the location bar at the top and copy the complete path to the clipboard by pressing Ctrl-C. Click Cancel to close the dialog without making changes. You can then open a new File Explorer dialog and paste the path into the address bar to open the Startup folder.

Note that the path should not include “Zotero” in any way, and if it does you previously configured it incorrectly. If that’s the case, you should reset the path to the default location.

Word 2016 and 2019 for Mac

The default location of the Startup folder is ~/Library/Group Containers/UBF8T346G9.Office/User Content/Startup/Word. (~/Library refers to the Library folder within your home directory.) You can open it from the Finder by pressing Cmd-Shift-G and copying in the path. Alternatively, to navigate to it in Finder, hold down Option, click the Go menu, and select Library (which is hidden by default), and then follow the rest of the path.

If changes you make to the Startup folder aren’t taking effect, you can confirm that Word isn’t set to a different location. In Word, open the “Word” menu in the top-left of the screen and select “Preferences”. Click on “File Locations” under “Personal Settings” and click on “Startup” at the bottom of the list.

Generally, no location should be listed, causing Word to use the default location. If another location is listed (e.g., /Applications/Microsoft Office 2011/Office/Startup/Word, from an earlier version of Word), clearing the setting and letting Word use the default location may fix installation problems and allow Zotero to install the plugin automatically going forward.

Note that the path should not include “Zotero” in any way, and if it does you previously configured it incorrectly. If that’s the case, you should reset the path so that it is blank and the default location is used.

Word 2011 for Mac

The default location of the startup folder is /Applications/Microsoft Office 2011/Office/Startup/Word. You can open it from the Finder by pressing Cmd-Shift-G and copying in the path or by navigating to it.

If changes you make to the startup folder aren’t taking effect, you can confirm that Word isn’t set to a different location. In Word, open the “Word” menu in the top-left of the screen and select “Preferences”. Click on “File Locations” under “Personal Settings” and click on “Startup” at the bottom of the list.

Stored Files and Linked Files

Files can be added to your Zotero library as either stored files or linked files.

Stored files, which are the default, are stored within the Zotero data directory, and Zotero will automatically manage them, including deleting them if you delete the attachment item in Zotero. If you use file syncing, Zotero will automatically sync stored files between devices and make them available in your online library on zotero.org. If you add a stored file from a file on your computer, the file is copied to the Zotero data directory, so you may wish to delete the original to avoid confusion.

If you sync linked files using an external tool (Dropbox, etc.) for use on multiple computers, it is a good idea to set the so that the files can be found by Zotero on each computer even if the containing folder is at a different location in the filesystem.

If you wish to convert linked files to stored files in order to allow Zotero to manage them, you can do so from the Tools → Manage Attachments menu.

Backing Up Your Zotero Data

We strongly recommend that you regularly back up your Zotero database. Syncing is not a good substitute for backing up: the Zotero servers only store the most recent version of your libraries, and it takes just a single (possibly automatic) sync to change the server copy.

Rather than backing up just your Zotero database, we recommend using a backup utility that automatically backs up your entire hard drive to an external device on a regular basis. Most modern operating systems offer such functionality (e.g., Time Machine on Macs).

If you want to back up your Zotero data specifically, , close Zotero, and copy your data directory (the entire directory, including and and the other subdirectories) to a backup location, preferably on another storage device. As with all important data, it is a good idea to back up your Zotero data frequently.

Warning: Zotero lets you export a Zotero library as a Zotero RDF file. However, exporting and importing your library via RDF won’t result in an exact copy of your library, and it isn’t recommended as a backup strategy.

Permissions Warnings

When using third-party platforms, we strive to request the most restrictive permissions available that still allow Zotero to perform its advertised functions. In some cases, the necessary permissions can sound a bit scary, so we want to explain why they’re necessary.

Zotero Connector

When installing the Zotero Connector, your browser will warn you that the extension can “Read and change all your data on the websites you visit” (or similar). This is the standard permission that browser extensions that run on all pages require. Zotero uses it to determine what content it can save on a given page and update the save button accordingly, as well as to provide advanced features such as automatic proxy redirection and automatic RIS/BibTeX import. No data is stored except when you choose to save a page to either your local or online Zotero library.

Google Docs Integration

When you first use Google Docs integration, Google will ask you to grant Zotero Google Docs Integration permission to “View and manage your Google Docs documents”. The plugin requires this permission to insert citations into your documents. The plugin doesn’t do anything else with your document content and doesn’t access documents other than the ones on which it’s triggered. The integration works entirely locally on your computer, so even when you trigger the plugin on a given document, nothing is sent to Zotero servers.

Бесплатные программы

Безопасность

  • Менеджеры паролей
  • Антивирусы
  • Файрволы
  • Шифрование

Графика

  • 3D моделирование
  • Графические редакторы
  • Конвертеры изображений
  • Скриншоты
  • Просмотрщики изображений
  • САПР

Работа

  • Органайзеры
  • Офисные пакеты
  • Переводчики
  • Просмотрщики
  • Распознавание текста
  • Сканирование
  • Чтение книг
  • PDF принтеры
  • Финансы

Интернет

  • Браузеры
  • Торрент клиенты
  • Интернет ТВ
  • Радио плееры
  • Удаленный доступ
  • FTP клиенты
  • Социальные сети
  • Раздача Wi-Fi
  • Почтовые клиенты
  • Облачные хранилища
  • Мессенджеры
  • Контроль трафика
  • Загрузчики
  • VPN
  • Блокировка рекламы

Мультимедиа

  • Аудио-Видеоплееры
  • Караоке
  • Аудиоредакторы
  • Веб-камера
  • Видеоредакторы
  • Для диджеев
  • Запись видео с экрана
  • Запись CD
  • Кодеки
  • Конвертеры
  • Утилиты

Образование

  • Астрономия
  • Клавиатурные тренажеры
  • Математика

Разработчикам

  • HTML редакторы
  • SEO инструменты
  • Базы данных
  • Программирование
  • Редакторы кода
  • Разработка игр

Система

  • Администрирование
  • Архиваторы
  • Быстродействие
  • Восстановление данных
  • Дефрагментация
  • Диагностика
  • Драйверы
  • Жесткий диск
  • Резервное копирование
  • Удаление файлов
  • Файловые менеджеры
  • Эмуляция
  • Клавиатура
  • Контроллеры
  • Операционная система
  • Расширения и библиотеки

All Platforms

Zotero requires LibreOffice 5.2 or later. If you are using an older version, upgrade to the current version of LibreOffice. See . Apache OpenOffice and NeoOffice are based on older versions of LibreOffice and are not supported by Zotero.

Installation error

At the last step of LibreOffice Integration installation, you may see the message

“An error occurred installing Zotero LibreOffice Integration.”

If you experience this error during plugin installation:

  • Check that LibreOffice is up to date, as new Java releases sometimes introduce incompatibilities with LibreOffice.
  • Open the LibreOffice preferences by choosing Tools → Options (Windows/Linux) or LibreOffice → Preferences… (Mac). In the dialog, click LibreOffice → Advanced. Ensure that “Use a Java runtime environment” is checked, and that a JRE is selected in the list below.
    • On macOS, LibreOffice 6.4 works with all JDK versions. If you wish to run LibreOffice 7.0.x, you will need to install the Java 11 JDK from Oracle (behind a login), via Homebrew (with the JDK copied into /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines, not symlinked as the keg instructs), or using some other method. LibreOffice 7.0.x does not currently work with JDK versions above 12 on macOS. This will be fixed in LibreOffice 7.1.

Next, restart Zotero, open the Cite pane of the Zotero preferences, and click the Install LibreOffice Add-in button on the “Word Processors” tab.

When you are asked to locate your LibreOffice installations, ensure that your LibreOffice installation is listed. (You can add new LibreOffice installations by clicking the “Add Directory…” button below.)

If installation continues to fail, repeat the same steps, but click the Manual Installation button. This will open a folder containing the integration component to be installed within LibreOffice itself. Double-click this component to install it, or select Tools → Extension Manager within LibreOffice, click the Add button, and navigate to the component. While this is unlikely to succeed, it will provide further information about the cause of the installation failure.

If you receive an error stating “Could not create Java implementation loader” when attempting to perform a manual installation, follow the instructions below for the , , or .

If you receive an error stating “JNI exception occurred” on Linux, follow .

For errors not listed below, post the error you receive during manual installation to the Zotero Forums.

Toolbar is missing

Check if there’s an entry for Zotero under View → Toolbars. If not, look for the Zotero LibreOffice Integration plugin in Tools → Extension Manager. If it’s in not there, return to Zotero and the Cite pane of Zotero preferences. On the “Word Processors” tab, click the “Install LibreOffice Add-in” button. If you get an error, refer to .

Buttons are unresponsive after updating LibreOffice

After LibreOffice update unresponsive Zotero toolbar buttons are an indication of LibreOffice not having access to a working JRE setup. Refer to the section.

NullPointerException or lastDataListener is undefined error

In Zotero LibreOffice Integration, when attempting to add or edit a citation or bibliography, you may see the message

java.Lang.NullPointerException
at
org.zotero.integration.ooo.comp.Comm.getMessageResponse

or the message

This error indicates that the version of the extension within Zotero does not match the version of the extension within LibreOffice, typically because installation failed. Try . If the installation fails, or you continue to experience this error after reinstalling, see the above section on how to resolve an .

Users with other word processor integration plugins (Word for Mac or Word for Windows) installed should also make sure that those plugins are the latest available versions.

Add Extension(s)…does not exist error

When attempting to manually install Zotero LibreOffice Integration, you may see the message

Add extension(s): «DIRECTORY»/Zotero_LibreOffice_Integration.oxt does not exist

Unparalleled Support

The software you rely on for your research needs to work. When you have a Zotero question, you can often get a response directly from a Zotero developer or expert community member within minutes. We don’t have customer support representatives — Zotero developers are directly accountable for the software they create, and if you use Zotero for a while there’s a good chance you’ll know some of us by name.

Other reference managers make you go through customer support representatives who aren’t involved in the development of the software and whose communications are often limited to generic Twitter responses.

See How Zotero Support Works for more information.

Components

Saving resources to Zotero library is facilitated by two major components: the Zotero Connector running in the browser
and either the Zotero client or zotero.org web api. The Zotero Connector itself is split into two components:
code running on the webpage and a background process.

a) Injected scripts for individual webpages

The translation framework shares some code with the Zotero codebase and provides custom classes concerning
translator retrieval
and item saving.
These custom classes talk to the background process (b) of the Zotero Connector for functionality outside the translation
framework, such as retrieving translator code and sending translated items either to Zotero (c) or zotero.org (d).

b) Background process

The background process maintains a cache of translators and performs the initial .
Translators whose target regexp matches the URL of a given webpage are then further tested by running
in injected scripts. A list of translators and their code is
fetched either from .

The background process is also responsible for updating the extension UI, kicking off translations, storing and
retrieving connector preferences and sending translated items to Zotero or zotero.org. Browser specific scripts are
available for BrowserExt
and Safari.

c) Connector server in Zotero
d) zotero.org API

Locating Your Zotero Data

The easiest and most reliable way to find your Zotero data is by clicking the “Show Data Directory” button in the Advanced tab of your Zotero Preferences window. This will reveal the folder on your computer that contains your Zotero database and attachment files.

Zotero 5

Unless you have selected a custom data directory in the Advanced pane of the Zotero preferences, your Zotero data is stored within the following OS-dependent directories:

macOS
/Users/<username>/Zotero
Windows 7 and higher
C:\Users\<User Name>\Zotero
Windows XP/2000
C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Zotero
Linux
~/Zotero

Zotero 4 for Firefox (2017 and earlier)

macOS
/Users/<username>/Library/Application Support/Firefox/Profiles/<randomstring>/zotero

Note: The /Users/<username>/Library folder is hidden by default. To access it, click on your desktop, hold down the Option key, and click the Finder’s Go menu, and then select Library from the menu.

Windows 7 and higher
C:\Users\<User Name>\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\<randomstring>\zotero
Windows XP/2000
C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Application Data\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\<randomstring>\zotero
Linux (most distributions)
~/.mozilla/firefox/Profiles/<randomstring>/zotero

Zotero 4 Standalone (2017 and earlier)

macOS
/Users/<username>/Library/Application Support/Zotero/Profiles/<randomstring>/zotero

Note: The /Users/<username>/Library folder is hidden by default. To access it, click on your desktop, hold down the Option key, and click the Finder’s Go menu, and then select Library from the menu.

Windows 7 and higher
C:\Users\<User Name>\AppData\Roaming\Zotero\Zotero\Profiles\<randomstring>\zotero
Windows XP/2000
C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Application Data\Zotero\Profiles\<randomstring>\zotero
Linux (most distributions)
~/.zotero/Profiles/<randomstring>/zotero

The “Show Data Directory” button will always reveal the data directory currently in use and is the recommended method for finding your data directory. If you’re unable to access the Zotero preferences, a search for the file name ‘zotero.sqlite’ can also help you locate the Zotero data directory.

Support Interactions

Most Zotero support occurs in the public Zotero Forums. If you would like to remove forum posts you have made, you may clear them yourself at any time, though we encourage you to leave your posts up for the benefit of others. If you’d prefer your forum posts to appear under a different name, you can change your forums username from your account settings.

You may be asked to submit an error report or debug output to help us troubleshoot problems. These reports contain technical information about your computer, such as your operating system and installed browser extensions, and may include incidental personal information such as URLs of sites you visited before or while generating the report. You can review the output of these reports before submitting them. We don’t store any personal information (username, IP address) that links the report to you, and we generally don’t look at reports unless they are referenced by a Report ID or Debug ID in the Zotero Forums. Reports are stored for up to one year.

Via your web browser

To use Zotero properly, you need to install the Zotero Connector for Chrome, Firefox, or Safari, in addition to the Zotero desktop app. See Downloads.

The Zotero Connector’s save button is the most convenient and reliable way to add items with high-quality bibliographic metadata to your Zotero library. As you browse the web, the Zotero Connector will automatically find bibliographic information on webpages you visit and allow you to add it to Zotero with a single click.

For example, if you are reading a journal article online, the save button will change to the icon of a journal article (circled in red):

On a library catalog entry for a book, the save button will show a book icon:

Clicking the save button will create an item in Zotero with the information it has identified. On many sites, Zotero will also save any PDF accessible from the page or an open-access PDF that can be found for the saved item.

Generic Webpages

Some webpages don’t provide any information that Zotero can recognize. On these pages, the save button will show a gray webpage icon. If you click the save button on these pages, Zotero will import the page as a “Web Page” item with a title, URL, and access date. See below.

Firefox:

Safari:

PDFs

If you are viewing a PDF file in your browser, the save button will show a PDF icon. Clicking this button will import the PDF file alone into your library and then automatically attempt to retrieve information about it. While this will often produce good results, it is usually better to use the save button described above from the publication’s abstract page or catalog entry.

Multiple Results

On some webpages that contain information about multiple items (e.g., a list of Google Scholar search results), the save button will show a folder icon. Clicking this folder icon will open a window where you can select the items that you want to save to Zotero:

Saving to a Specific Collection or Library

After you click the save button, a popup will appear indicating which Zotero collection the item is being saved to. If you want to save the item to a different collection or library, you can change the selection there, as well as enter tags to assign to the new item.

Data Quality and Choosing a Translator

The quality of the data Zotero imports is determined by the information supplied on the webpage. Some websites provide very high-quality data using a standard way to provide Zotero with data (via embedded metadata). Other websites provide only limited metadata (e.g., only the title of a blog post) or no metadata at all. For many sites, Zotero has website-specific “translators” to obtain the best quality metadata. Zotero recognizes almost all library catalogs, most news sites, research databases and scientific publishers. (For more information, see our compatible websites list.) By default, translator updates are automatically installed, independent of Zotero updates. Metadata for the same item may vary in quality across sites providing it. For example, importing an item from the publisher website will generally yield much better data than importing from Google Scholar.

Zotero will generally choose the best translator available for each site automatically. You can choose an alternative translator by right-clicking on the Zotero save button (click-and-hold in Safari) and choosing one of the supplied options. If a website isn’t importing properly, please report it on the Zotero Forums and provide the webpage URL.

Saving Webpages

With Zotero, you can create an item from any webpage by clicking the save button in the browser toolbar. If the page isn’t recognized by a , you’ll see the gray webpage icon. If the page does have a recognized translator, you can force Zotero to save a Web Page item instead by right-clicking (click-and-hold in Safari) on the Zotero save button and choosing “Save to Zotero (Web Page with/without Snapshot)”

Firefox:

Safari:

If “Automatically take snapshots when creating items from web pages” is enabled in the General tab of the Zotero preferences, a copy (or snapshot) of the webpage will be saved to your computer and added as a child item. You can also save a snapshot with this setting disabled by right-clicking (click-and-hold in Safari) on the Zotero save button and choosing the relvant option. To view the saved copy, double-click the item or the snapshot in Zotero.

Double-clicking a Web Page item without a snapshot in your library will take you to the original webpage. Double-clicking a Web Page item with a snapshot will display the snapshot instead. You can also visit the original webpage by clicking the ”URL:” label to the left of the field in Zotero’s right-hand pane.

定位您的Zotero数据目录

Zotero 5.0

您可以在高级设置面板中自定义您的数据目录。默认的数据目录如下:

macOS
/Users/<username>/Zotero
Windows 7 及更高
C:\Users\<User Name>\Zotero
Windows XP/2000
C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Zotero
Linux
~/Zotero

Zotero 4.0 for Firefox

OS X
/Users/<username>/Library/Application Support/Firefox/Profiles/<randomstring>/zotero
Windows 7 及更高
C:\Users\<User Name>\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\<randomstring>\zotero
Windows XP/2000
C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Application Data\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\<randomstring>\zotero
Linux (大多数发行版)
~/.mozilla/firefox/Profiles/<randomstring>/zotero

Zotero 4.0 Standalone

OS X
/Users/<username>/Library/Application Support/Zotero/Profiles/<randomstring>/zotero
Windows 7 及更高
C:\Users\<User Name>\AppData\Roaming\Zotero\Zotero\Profiles\<randomstring>\zotero
Windows XP/2000
C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Application Data\Zotero\Profiles\<randomstring>\zotero
Linux (大多数发行版)
~/.zotero/Profiles/<randomstring>/zotero

“打开数据目录”按钮将始终显示当前正在使用的数据目录,并且这也是查找数据目录的推荐方法。如果你无法访问Zotero的首选项设置,您也可以通过搜索’zotero.sqlite’文件来查找您的Zotero数据目录。

Disabling Automatic Requests

You can disable all automatic communication with Zotero servers from the Zotero and Zotero Connector preferences:

  • Syncing: Sync preferences → leave unconfigured or disable automatic syncing
  • Automatic PDF metadata retrieval: General preferences → disable “Automatically retrieve metadata for PDFs”

    We do not log any information about the contents of PDF metadata requests.

  • Open-access PDF retrieval: General preferences → disable “Automatically attach associated PDFs and other files when saving items”

    If a PDF can’t be saved for an item with a DOI, Zotero will send the DOI to Zotero servers to check for open-access versions. We do not log the contents of these requests. Disabling this preference will disable all automatic attachment saving.

  • Broken site translator reporting: disable “Report broken site translators” in the Advanced pane of Zotero and the Zotero Connector
  • Translator/style update checking: Advanced preferences → disable “Automatically check for updated translators and styles”
  • Zotero update checking: Advanced preferences → Config Editor → set to false

    Automatic update checking is strongly recommended for security and stability reasons.

  • Retracted item checking: Advanced preferences → Config Editor → set to false

    Retraction checks are performed without sharing the items you have in your database.

  • Proxy authentication checking: Advanced → Config Editor → set to false.

    At Zotero startup, HEAD requests are made to a test file on Amazon S3 and selected publisher websites (controlled by extensions.zotero.proxyAuthenticationURLs) to trigger a proxy authentication prompt if and only if Zotero detects that a proxy is required to connect to the internet. If you disable this option and require an authenticated proxy, Zotero network connections will fail.

If automatic syncing or automatic translator/style updates are enabled, Zotero will maintain a persistent connection to Zotero servers when it is open in order to provide immediate updates. You can disable this connection by disabling both of those options or by setting to false in the Config Editor.

If you use the Zotero Connector without having Zotero open, the Connector will make a daily request to Zotero servers for information on available site translators. It will then download translators for the sites you visit. For example, if you load a New York Times article, the Connector will download Zotero’s New York Times translator and cache it. If Zotero doesn’t have a translator for a specific site, no request will be made. No information on the specific pages you visit is transmitted, and subsequent requests won’t be made for the same translator until you restart your browser or the translator is updated. You can avoid these requests by keeping Zotero open while you browse the web.

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